Gita Chapter 1: (Shlokas 1 to 5) Arjuna Vishada Yoga

Diving into the pages of Bhagavad Gita Chapter 1, we encounter a pivotal chapter known as Arjuna Vishadayoga, which translates to the “Yoga of Arjuna’s Dejection.”

This chapter encapsulates the heart of the Gita’s teachings, delivering profound insights applicable to the trials of both ancient and modern life.

In this blog post, we embark on a journey to dissect and absorb the wisdom embedded in the first five shlokas of this chapter.

Gita Chapter 1 Shloka 01 - 05

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 1:Delving into the Beginning

In the First Chapter of the Bhagavad Gita, titled “Arjuna Vishada Yoga” or the “Yoga of Arjuna’s Dejection“, the scene is set on the battlefield of Kurukshetra, just before the great war between the Pandavas and Kauravas is about to begin.

Arjuna, a mighty warrior and the protagonist finds himself overwhelmed with grief and confusion. Seeing his relatives and loved ones on both sides of the conflict, he is filled with compassion and a sense of moral dilemma, doubting whether engaging in the battle is the right thing to do. In this state of indecision, he turns to his charioteer, Krishna, for guidance.

Krishna, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, responds by enlightening Arjuna about the nature of life, duty, and the immortal soul. He explains the soul’s eternal nature, emphasizing the importance of fulfilling one’s responsibilities (dharma) without attachment to the outcomes.

Through various teachings, Krishna imparts wisdom on the principles of yoga, the power of self-control, renunciation, and the significance of discernment.

One of the relevant verses from the Gita, specifically from Chapter 1, verse 30, reflects Arjuna’s state of mind – “I am unable to stand here any longer.”

Arjuna’s emotional state serves as the starting point for the dialogue between Krishna and Arjuna, leading to the subsequent chapters where deeper philosophical insights are shared to guide Arjuna and all of humankind, and this sets the emotional and moral stage for the teachings that follow in the subsequent chapters of the Bhagavad Gita.

Now, without further ado, let’s dive into the Shlokas and their translation and meaning.

Gita Chapter 1 Shloka 1:

धृतराष्ट्र उवाच |
धर्मक्षेत्रे कुरुक्षेत्रे समवेता युयुत्सवः |
मामकाः पाण्डवाश्चैव किमकुर्वत सञ्जय || 1.1 ||

Shloka 1 Translation:

Dhritarashtra said: O Sanjaya, assembled in the holy land of Kurukshetra and desiring to fight, what did my sons and the sons of Pandu do?

Shloka 1 Meaning and Context:

This opening shloka presents us with King Dhritarashtra’s inquiry to his charioteer, Sanjaya.

Dhritarashtra, blind both physically and metaphorically, symbolizes spiritual ignorance and attachment.

His question about the events unfolding on the battlefield signifies his inner turmoil between his attachment to his sons (the Kauravas) and his sense of duty as a king.

The mention of “Dharmakshetra” and “Kurukshetra” highlights the dual nature of the battlefield—a physical location and a metaphorical ground for the clash between righteousness and desire.

Shloka 1 Teachings and Insights:

At this juncture, the Gita introduces the profound concept of dharma (righteous duty) and the conflict between one’s desires and moral obligations.

The shloka reminds us that our inner battles often define our paths, prompting reflection on the choices we make and the consequences they entail.

Gita Chapter 1 Shloka 2:

सञ्जय उवाच |

दृष्ट्वा तु पाण्डवानीकं व्यूढं दुर्योधनस्तदा |

आचार्यमुपसङ्गम्य राजा वचनमब्रवीत् || 1.2 ||

Shloka 01 English Translation:

Sanjaya said: Beholding the Pandava army arrayed in battle formation, King Duryodhana approached his teacher Dronacharya and spoke these words.

Shloka 01 Meaning and Context:

Sanjaya, the narrator, recounts how Duryodhana, upon observing the grand formation of the Pandava army, seeks the guidance of his mentor, Dronacharya.

Duryodhana’s approach to Dronacharya reveals his recognition of the strategic advantage held by the Pandavas and his desire for his teacher’s insight.

Shloka 01 Teachings and Insights:

This shloka highlights the importance of seeking guidance during moments of uncertainty. Duryodhana’s action emphasizes the power of humility and recognizing one’s limitations, even when grappling with ego and pride.

Gita Chapter 1 Shloka 3:

पश्यैतां पाण्डुपुत्राणामाचार्य महतीं चमूम् |

व्यूढां द्रुपदपुत्रेण तव शिष्येण धीमता || 1.3 ||

Shloka 02 Translation:

Behold, O teacher, this mighty army of the sons of Pandu, arrayed by the son of Drupada, your wise disciple.

Shloka 02 Meaning and Context:

Continuing the narration, Duryodhana draws Dronacharya’s attention to the formidable Pandava army, expertly arrayed by Dronacharya’s wise disciple, Dhrishtadyumna, the son of Drupada.

Shloka 02 Teachings and Insights:

In this shloka, the notion of the mentor-disciple relationship gains prominence. The reference to Dhrishtadyumna being Dronacharya’s disciple yet commanding the enemy army demonstrates the dynamic nature of learning and the transcendence of hierarchies in the pursuit of knowledge and growth.

Gita Chapter 1 Shloka 4:

अत्र शूरा महेष्वासा भीमार्जुनसमा युधि
युयुधानो विराटश्च द्रुपदश्च महारथ: || 1.4||

Shloka 4 Translation:

Here in this army are mighty bowmen, equal in prowess to Bhima and Arjuna; great fighters like Yuyudhana, Virata, and Drupada

Shloka 4 Meaning and Context:

In this verse, Sanjaya is describing the various formidable warriors assembled on the Kaurava side of the battlefield to King Dhritarashtra.

He mentions warriors like Bhima and Arjuna, known for their exceptional skills in archery and combat.

The intent is to paint a vivid picture of the strength and valor possessed by the Kaurava army.

Shloka 4 Teachings and Insights:

This verse highlights the diverse and formidable nature of the opposing forces. In life, challenges and adversaries come in various forms, each with its strengths.

The Gita teaches that understanding the nature of challenges and acknowledging the strengths of others is crucial. It encourages individuals to be prepared, both mentally and physically, to face diverse obstacles.

Recognizing the capabilities of others promotes humility and a realistic assessment of one’s abilities. The verse invites contemplation on the importance of knowing one’s adversaries and being well-prepared for the battles in life.

Gita Chapter 1 Shloka 5:

धृष्टकेतुश्चेकितान: काशिराजश्च वीर्यवान् |
पुरुजित्कुन्तिभोजश्च शैब्यश्च नरपुङ्गव: || 1.5||

Shloka 5 Translation:

Dhrishtaketu, Chekitana, the valiant king of Kashi, Purujit, Kuntibhoja, and the mighty Shaibya, the best among men.

Shloka 5 Meaning and Context:

In this verse, Sanjaya continues to enumerate the prominent warriors on the Kaurava side. These warriors, including Dhrishtaketu, Chekitana, the king of Kashi, Purujit, Kuntibhoja, and Shaibya, are mentioned to emphasize the strength and valor present in the Kaurava army.

Each name represents a powerful and skilled warrior contributing to the might of the opposing forces.

Shloka 5 Teachings and Insights:

The inclusion of various warriors with distinct strengths and capabilities teaches that diversity in skills and qualities is essential in facing life’s challenges.

Just as a well-rounded army is formidable, a diverse set of skills, virtues, and talents in individuals contributes to the collective strength of a community.

The verse encourages recognition and appreciation of the unique qualities that each individual brings to a group. In life, embracing diversity and valuing the contributions of others fosters a harmonious and resilient society.

The next 5 shlokas of the chapter 01, you can find here:

Now, let’s move on to the analysis and reflection of Chapter 1, the first five shlokas.

Analysis and Reflection

Through these shlokas, we discern a tapestry of themes beginning to unfold: the conflict between duty and desire, the significance of guidance, and the intricate web of relationships.

These themes lay the groundwork for the Gita’s profound wisdom, which will later illuminate the path of spiritual evolution.

Application in Modern Life

In today’s complex world, the Gita’s teachings remind us to navigate our choices and responsibilities with a clear understanding of our moral compass.

Seeking guidance and collaboration are essential, and strategic thinking aids us in addressing contemporary challenges.


The inaugural shlokas of Arjuna Vishada yoga set the stage for a transformative journey. As we delve deeper into this chapter, we invite you to contemplate the nuanced teachings they offer.

Their relevance spans across eras, beckoning us to reflect on the battles we face within and without.

Feel free to share your interpretations and insights in the comments, fostering a collective exploration of this timeless wisdom.

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Insight Spirituality
Insight Spirituality

Insight Spirituality weaves blog posts that resonate with the sacred vibrations of Hinduism. From deciphering the timeless verses of Bhagavad Gita to crafting modern guides for mindful living, each word is a mantra that echoes the essence of spiritual awakening.

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