Gita Chapter 1:(Shlokas 16 to 20) Inner Resolve

As we journey deeper into the sacred verses of Bhagavad Gita Chapter 1, the landscape of Kurukshetra unfolds with increasing intensity.

Shlokas 16 to 20 mark a crucial juncture in this spectacle, where the battlefield’s energy intensifies, creating an atmosphere charged with anticipation.

In this unfolding spectacle, the contours of conflict take on new dimensions. The warriors arrayed on both sides, driven by their distinct motives and alliances, become chess pieces in the grand design of destiny.

Join us as we delve into the rich tapestry of these verses, where the boundaries between duty and desire blur, setting the stage for the enlightening discourse that will shape the essence of the Bhagavad Gita.

Gita Chapter 1 Shlokas 16 to 20

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 1 – Shloka 16 to 20

Now without further ado, let’s dive into the next shlokas of Bhagawad Gita Chapter 1.

If you haven’t read the previous ones, find them here:

Gita Chapter 1: (Shlokas 1 to 5)

Gita Chapter 1: (Shlokas 6 to 10)

Gita Chapter 1: (Shlokas 11 to 15)

Shloka 16:

अनन्तविजयं राजा कुन्तीपुत्रो युधिष्ठिरः ।
नकुलः सहदेवश्च सुघोषमणिपुष्पकौ ॥ 1.16 ॥

Anantavijayam raja kunteeputro yudhishthirah
nakulah sahadevascha sughoshamanipushpakau

Shloka 16 Translation:

The eternal and victorious king, the son of Kunti, Yudhishthira, along with Nakula and Sahadeva, adorned with excellent jewels and flowers.

Shloka 16 Meaning and Context:

In this Shloka, Krishna is describing the Pandava brothers to Arjuna. He starts with Yudhishthira and says that Yudhishthira is “anantavijayam”, which means “he who is always victorious”. This is because Yudhishthira is a righteous ruler who always fights for what is right.

He then describes Nakula and Sahadev .He says that they both are like two beautiful flowers that give off a sweet fragrance. This is because Nakula and Sahadeva are both handsome and charming, and they are also very kind and compassionate.

Shloka 16 Teachings and Insights:

The importance of dharma: Yudhishthira is praised for his commitment to dharma. Dharma is the foundation of a just and harmonious society. It is important to live a life of dharma, even in the face of adversity.

In this verse, Krishna’s description of the Pandava brothers is intended to show Arjuna that they are all worthy warriors and leaders. He tries to convince Arjuna to join the Pandavas in their fight against the Kauravas.

Shloka 17 :

काश्यश्च परमेष्वास: शिखंडी च महारथ: |
धृष्टद्युम्नो विराटश्च सात्यकिश्चापराजित: ||1. 17||

Kaashyashcha parameshvaasash Sikhandi cha mahaarathah
dhrushtadyumno viraatascha saatyakishchaaparaajitah

Shloka 17 Translation:

Kashya, Parameshvara, Shikhandi, Drishtadyumna, Virata, and Satyaki are all great warriors.

Shloka 17 Meaning and Context:

This shloka lists the Pandava allies who are also great warriors:

Kashya is a king who is known for his archery skills. Parameshvara is a powerful warrior who is also a master of disguise. Shikhandi is a warrior who is disguised as a woman to fight Bhishma.

Drishtadyumna is the son of Drupada, the king of Panchala. Virata is the king of Matsya who disguises himself as a Brahmin to protect his kingdom from Duryodhana and Satyaki is the son of Satyaki, a Yadava warrior.

Shloka 17 Teachings and Insights:

Some insights and teachings that can be drawn from the 17th shloka:

The importance of diversity: The Pandavas are supported by a diverse group of allies. This diversity is a source of strength for the Pandavas.

The importance of faith: The Pandava allies are all devout followers of Krishna. Their faith gives them the strength to face adversity.

The importance of overcoming adversity: Dhristadyumna lost his father and his kingdom to the Kauravas. However, he overcomes this adversity and becomes a powerful warrior. This shows that it is possible to overcome even the most difficult challenges.

The importance of being humble: Satyaki is a great warrior, but he is also humble. He is willing to learn from others and to put the needs of his allies before his own. This humility makes him a valuable asset to the Pandavas.

Shloka 18 :

द्रुपदो द्रौपदेयाश्च सर्वश: पृथिवीपते।
सौभद्रश्च महाबाहु: शङ्खान्दध्मु: पृथक् पृथक् ||1.18||

Drupado draupadeyaScha sarvashah pruthiveepate
saubhadrashcha mahaabaahuh Shankhandadhmuh pruthakpruthak 

Shloka 18 Translation:

Drupada and his daughter Draupadi, all the kings of the earth, Subhadra, the mighty-armed, and Shankhandi, each in their way, are on the side of the Pandavas

Shloka 18 Meaning and Context:

This shloka continues the introduction of the Pandava allies. It begins by praising Drupada as “the king of the earth.” Drupada is a powerful warrior and a wise ruler. He is also the father of Draupadi.

The shloka then goes on to list the other Pandava allies. Subhadra is the sister of Krishna and Arjuna. She is a skilled warrior and a devoted follower of Krishna. Shankhandin is a transgender warrior who is known for his bravery.

These allies are essential to the Pandava victory. They provide the Pandavas with strength, courage, and wisdom.

Shloka 18 Teachings and Insights:

Here are Teachings and insights that can be drawn from the 18th shloka :

The importance of family: The Pandavas are supported by their extended family, including Drupada and Draupadi. Family is a source of strength and support.

The power of love: Subhadra is Arjuna’s sister and Krishna’s lover. Her love for her brother and her husband gives her the strength to fight in the war.

The importance of acceptance: Shankhandin is a transgender warrior who is accepted by the Pandavas for who he is. This acceptance is a sign of the Pandavas’ open-mindedness and tolerance.

The 18th shloka is a reminder that family, love, and acceptance are essential for living a meaningful and fulfilling life.

Shloka 19:

स घोषो धार्तराष्ट्राणां हृदयानि व्यदारयत् |

नभश्च पृथिवीं चैव तुमुलोऽभ्यनुनादयन् ||1.19||

Sa ghosho dhaartaraashtraanaam hrudayaani vyadaarayat
nabhascha pruthiveen chaiva tumulo bhyanunaadayan

Shloka 19 Translation:

The terrific sound thundered across the sky and the earth and shattered the hearts of your sons, O Dhritarasthra.

Shloka 19 Meaning and Context:

This shloka describes the sound of the conch shells being blown by the Pandavas and the Kauravas.

The sound is so loud that it shakes the sky and the earth. Dhartarashtra is filled with fear and dread, while the Pandavas are filled with excitement and anticipation.

Shloka 19 Teachings and Insights:

This shloka can be interpreted in several ways. On one level, it is simply a description of the physical effects of the sound of the conch shells.

The shloka also suggests that the war is not just a conflict between two armies. It is a conflict between two different ways of life.

The Pandavas represent the forces of good and righteousness, while the Kauravas represent the forces of evil and injustice.

The sound of the conch shells is a call to battle, but it is also a call to action. It is a call for the Pandavas to stand up for what is right, and it is a call for the Kauravas to reconsider their choices. It is a warning that the world is about to change forever.

Shloka 20:

अथ व्यवस्थितं दृष्ट्वा धृतराष्ट्रं कपि-ध्वजः|

प्रवृत्ते शस्त्रसम्पाते धनुरुद्यम्य पाण्डव: ||1.20||

Atha vyavasthitaandrushtvaa dhaartaraashtraankapidhvajah
pravrutte shastrasampaate dhanurudyamya paandavah

Shloka 20 Translation:

Then, seeing the Dhartarashtras, led by Duryodhana, arrayed and ready for battle, the Pandavas, taking up their bows and arrows, rushed into battle.

Shloka 20 Meaning and Context:

This shloka marks the beginning of the Kurukshetra War. The Pandavas and the Kauravas are arrayed in battle formation, and they are ready to fight.

The Pandavas are led by Arjuna, who is the greatest warrior in the world. He is known for his skill with the bow and arrow, and he is determined to win the war for his family.

The Kauravas are led by Duryodhana, who is the eldest of the Kauravas. He is a powerful warrior, but he is also arrogant and cruel. He is determined to win the war, even if it means killing his kin.

Shloka 20 Teachings and Insights :

The importance of preparation: The Pandavas are well-prepared for battle. They have trained hard, and they are ready for whatever the Kauravas throw at them.

The importance of courage: The Pandavas are not afraid to face the Kauravas. They know that it will be a difficult fight, but they are determined to win.

The importance of conviction: The Pandavas are fighting for what they believe in. They are not fighting for personal gain but for the greater good.

The Pandavas’ preparations for battle are a powerful reminder that we should always be prepared for the challenges that life throws our way. We should also be courageous and have conviction in what we believe in. These qualities will help us to overcome any obstacle and achieve our goals.


These verses from Shloka 16 to 20 from Gita Chapter 1 paint a vivid picture of the Pandava forces on the eve of the Kurukshetra War. They introduce not only the five brothers but also their powerful allies and loyal kin. Through their descriptions, we get a sense of the Pandavas’ strength, diversity, unwavering commitment to dharma, and the formidable challenge they face in the Kauravas.

The conch shells’ terrifying roar symbolizes the looming conflict, shaking both the battlefield and the hearts of the Dhartarashtras. While fear may grip the Kauravas, the Pandavas stand resolute, ready to draw their bows and fight for what they believe in. This final image of their unwavering resolve leaves a powerful impression, setting the stage for the epic battle to come.

In these verses, we find not just a description of military might, but also a message about leadership, unity, and the power of righteous conviction.

The Pandavas and their allies stand as a symbol of what can be achieved when individuals with strong moral compass come together to face adversity. Ultimately, these verses serve as a prelude to the larger theme of the Bhagavad Gita – the triumph of dharma over adharma, and the path to spiritual liberation through fulfilling one’s duty.

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Prachi Trivedi
Prachi Trivedi

A vocalist, wordsmith and avid contemplator, finding harmony in melodies and solace in quiet corridors of thoughts.

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